By J. D. Fage
After the prehistory of quantity I, quantity II of The Cambridge historical past of Africa bargains with the beginnings of heritage. it really is approximately 500 BC that historic resources start to embody all Africa north of the Sahara and, through the tip of the interval, documentation can also be commencing to look for components of sub-Saharan Africa. North of the Sahara, this example arises considering that Africans have been sharing within the significant civilizations of the Mediterranean international. it really is proven that those northern Africans weren't easily passive recipients of Phoenician, Greek, Roman and Arab impacts, or of the good religions and cultures of Judaism, Christianity and Islam coming from the Semitic global. They tailored this stuff to their very own specific wishes and reasons, and occasionally too contributed to their normal improvement. however the North African civilization did not make headway south of the Sahara.
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Additional resources for The Cambridge History of Africa (500 BC-AD 1050)
A) D. C. Johanson and M. Taieb, 'Plio-Pleistocene hominid discoveries in Hadar, Ethiopia', Nature, 1976, a6o, 293-7. (b) M. D. Leakey, R. L. Hay, G. H. Curtis, R. E. Drake and M. K. Jackes, 'Fossil hominids from the Laetolil Beds, Nature, 1976,262,460-6. 8 21 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 4 Attributes of human flaking and some of the basic techniques in stonetool manufacture. y. ago. y. ago. The robust Australopithecine (A. y. y. ago. From Bed I and the lower part of Bed II at Olduvai comes a smallbrained but advanced form that is ascribed to the genus Homo and referred to as H.
H. Wolpoff, 'Competitive exclusion among Lower Pleistocene hominids: the single species hypothesis', Man, 1971,6,4, 601-14) group the Australopithecines and H. g. C. E. ', Nature, 1975, 258, 389-95) consider the Australopithecines as lying outside the direct line of human evolution. For a complete review see ch. 2 (by F. C. Howell) in Vol. 1 of this History. 1 3 24 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 5 Tools of the Oldowan Industrial Complex from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.
J. Maglio, 'Plio-Pleistocene stratigraphy in relation to Proboscidean and Suid evolution', in W. W. Bishop and J. A. , Calibration of hom'moidtvotution (Edinburgh, 1972,) 303-29. * G. L. Isaac, 'The diet of early man: aspects of archaeological evidence from Lower and Middle Pleistocene sites in Africa', World Archaeology, 1971, 2, 478-98. a 3 13 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 THE LEGACY OF PREHISTORY conditions, was similar to the dry savanna and gallery forest existing there today; the grasslands that predominated on the South African highveld when the Australopithecines were living there were similar, though somewhat more lush, than the present sourveld; in highland Ethiopia, Acheulian man exploited the same open savanna and montane forest fringe that can be seen there today; and the deciduous woodlands of northern Zambia are not significantly different from what they were 20,000 years a g o .
The Cambridge History of Africa (500 BC-AD 1050) by J. D. Fage