By Charles Radding
Within the concluding levels of the 11th century Eucharistic controversy, which became on even if, and the way, sacramental consecration replaced the character of bread and wine on the altar, Alberic of Monte Cassino composed a small yet vital manuscript. Alberic used to be the main well known instructor of his age, and his treatise, buttressed by way of attract the authority of the Church Fathers, was once acknowledged by way of contemporaries to have ''utterly destroyed'' the arguments of his opponent, Berengar of excursions, who held that the bread and wine didn't switch materially into the physique and blood of Christ. regrettably, smooth students had lengthy believed this important record misplaced. This e-book, including the complete Latin textual content and translation of this manuscript, demonstrates that Alberic's treatise, faraway from being misplaced, is a textual content that may be pointed out and has been identified to students for years. by way of exhibiting conclusively that this article was once in truth written by means of Alberic, Radding and Newton rework our knowing not just of the details of the talk and papal politics, but in addition of the highbrow strategy through which theological truths took form in medieval Church councils.
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Additional resources for Theology, Rhetoric, and Politics in the Eucharistic Controversy, 1078-1079
Fonti e Studi, vols. 13–15] (Naples, 2000). In this collection, vol. 1, pp. ” On the broader cultural background of 24 ✦ Berengar and the Eucharistic Controversy where he is said to have been offered a bishopric in England and perhaps the archbishopric of Rouen, Guitmund moved to Rome at some time in the 1070s. He wrote his treatise on the Eucharist after the beginning of Gregory VII’s pontiﬁcate in 1073, and apparently before the debates began in Rome in 1078; whether he was in Normandy or Rome is uncertain.
22 In any case, we can be certain the recipient of this treatise was not Gregory VII because halfway through the treatise (ll. 362–85) he is referred to, in a handsome tribute linking him to Gregory the Great, in the third person. 23 This ﬁnding reinforces our deep suspicion of the heading’s other “fact,” that the writer was a Berengarius. 18. MacDonald, p. 183. 19. , p. 181. 20. M. Inguanez, Codicum Casinensium Manuscriptorum Catalogus, vol. 2 (Monte Cassino, 1928), pp. 201–207. For the date, see the study by Francis Newton, The Monte Cassino Scriptorium and Library (1058–1105) (Cambridge, 1999), pp.
152 ll. 52–56. 46. Durand, for example, took from Ambrose the argument that it was useless to speak of the ordo naturae in regard to Christ since his very birth from a virgin demonstrated that his body was exempt from that order. Liber de corpore et sanguine Christi contra Berengarium et ejus sectatores, PL 149: 1373–1424, at 1385B. 47. “L’«affaire bérengarienne»,” p. 565. 48. PL 142: 1328C. 49. 184, ll. 72–75. Berengar and the Eucharistic Controversy ✦ 17 and the Fathers. Berengar himself, of course, knew and used the same sources, but for the most part his early opponents made little effort to refute his claim to the authority of, especially, Augustine and Ambrose.
Theology, Rhetoric, and Politics in the Eucharistic Controversy, 1078-1079 by Charles Radding