By Howard V. Hendrix
Seventeen wide-ranging essays discover the evolving medical realizing of Mars, and the connection among that figuring out and the position of Mars in literature, the humanities and pop culture. Essays within the first part research assorted ways to Mars through scientists and writers Jules Verne and J.H. Rosny. part covers the makes use of of Mars in early Bolshevik literature, Wells, Brackett, Burroughs, Bradbury, Heinlein, Dick and Robinson, between others. The 3rd part seems to be at Mars as a cultural replicate in technology fiction. Essayists comprise well-liked writers (e.g., Kim Stanley Robinson), scientists and literary critics from many countries.
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Extra info for Visions of Mars: Essays on the Red Planet in Fiction and Science
1 percent, at least 35 times less than the salinity of terrestrial ocean water. At lower latitudes, where the Viking craft landed, the soil was much more salty, with concentrations of 10–20 percent. This suggests that any water in the liquid state at those lower and warmer latitudes would be very briny. Brines will not sublimate as quickly as pure water; thus brines could persist in certain Mars regions as long as several days at low altitudes in deep canyons where atmospheric pressure will be higher.
It may be that Mars life has progressed even beyond that point to multicellularity and true eukaryotic life-forms. One of the simplest animals, the placozoan, is an animal with only four cell types. Mars life could have progressed this far or farther in several billion years. Many of the simplest eukaryotes, such as sponges and jellyﬁsh, are restricted to aqueous media. However, there are iceworms on Earth which dwell inside glaciers. One can imagine iceworms in the polar ice of Mars, perhaps metabolizing CO2 or sulfates, rather than the oxygen-based respiration of terrestrial animals.
With the publication of Navigateurs, however, there is a radical shift in Rosny’s vision. For example, terminal mankind, in La Mort de la Terre, cannot escape the iron law of evolution. Rosny’s three astronauts, by the very fact that they can leave Earth, are given the possibility of reversing evolutionary conditions, if only in a localized area. ” But with the voyage of our Rosny’s Mars (Slusser) 43 intervening astronauts, absolute evolutionary time yields to a relativist sense of evolution, where mankind is now able to “navigate” the ﬁeld of evolutionary possibility.
Visions of Mars: Essays on the Red Planet in Fiction and Science by Howard V. Hendrix